How Big is Oregon? Exploring the Size and Geography of the Beaver State

If you’ve ever wondered how big Oregon is, you’re not alone. The state’s varied geography, from its rugged coastline to its dense forests and high desert regions, makes it a fascinating and complex place. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at the size of Oregon, its diverse landscapes, and what makes it a unique part of the Pacific Northwest.

Understanding Oregon’s Size and Location

Oregon is located in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. It is the ninth largest state in the country, covering an area of 98,381 square miles (255,026 square kilometers). To put that into perspective, Oregon is about the same size as the United Kingdom or the Philippines. The state is bordered by Washington to the north, Idaho to the east, Nevada and California to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west.

Exploring Oregon’s Varied Landscapes

One of the most striking things about Oregon is its diverse landscapes. The state is home to everything from rugged coastlines to snow-capped mountains, high desert regions, and dense forests. Here are some of the highlights of Oregon’s geography:


Oregon’s coastline is over 300 miles long and is known for its rugged beauty. The beaches here are often windy and wild, with dramatic rock formations and towering cliffs. Some of the most popular coastal attractions include Cannon Beach, Haystack Rock, and the Oregon Dunes National Recreation Area.


The Cascade Range runs through Oregon and is home to several notable peaks, including Mount Hood, which is the highest mountain in the state at 11,249 feet (3,429 meters). The Cascades are also home to several ski resorts, including Mount Bachelor and Timberline Lodge.


Oregon is famous for its lush forests, which cover nearly half of the state’s total land area. These forests are home to a diverse range of wildlife, including black bears, cougars, and elk. Some of the most popular forested areas in Oregon include the Columbia River Gorge, Crater Lake National Park, and the Tillamook State Forest.

High Desert

Eastern Oregon is home to a vast high desert region that is unlike anything else in the state. This region is characterized by arid landscapes, rolling hills, and sparse vegetation. Popular attractions in the high desert include the Painted Hills, Smith Rock State Park, and the Alvord Desert.

What Makes Oregon Unique?

Oregon is a unique part of the Pacific Northwest, with a culture and geography all its own. Here are some of the things that make Oregon stand out:

Craft Beer

Oregon is known for its thriving craft beer scene, with more than 280 breweries throughout the state. Some of the most popular breweries include Deschutes Brewery, Rogue Ales, and Ninkasi Brewing.

Wine Country

Oregon is also home to several notable wine regions, including the Willamette Valley, which is known for its pinot noir. Other popular wine regions in the state include the Columbia Gorge, Umpqua Valley, and Rogue Valley.

Outdoor Recreation

Oregon’s varied geography makes it an ideal destination for outdoor enthusiasts. Hiking, skiing, fishing, and camping are all popular activities here, and the state is home to several notable parks and recreation areas, including Crater Lake National Park, the Columbia River Gorge, and the Oregon Coast.

5 Fun Facts About Oregon

Oregon State Was Once an Independent Country

One of the most interesting facts about Oregon State is that it was once an independent country. In 1836, a group of American and British settlers established the Provisional Government of Oregon, which existed for 18 years before Oregon became a state in 1859. During this time, the Provisional Government established laws and a constitution, making Oregon the only state to have been an independent country before joining the United States.

Oregon State Has More Ghost Towns Than Any Other State

Did you know that Oregon State has more ghost towns than any other state in the United States? There are over 300 abandoned towns and settlements throughout the state, many of which were once thriving communities during the gold rush era. Some of the most famous ghost towns in Oregon include Shaniko, Bodie, and Cornucopia.

Crater Lake, Oregon

Oregon State Is Home to the Deepest Lake in the United States

Crater Lake, located in southern Oregon, is the deepest lake in the United States, with a depth of 1,949 feet. The lake was formed over 7,700 years ago when the top of Mount Mazama collapsed, creating a crater that eventually filled with water. Crater Lake is known for its stunning blue color and crystal-clear waters, which make it a popular destination for visitors from around the world.

Oregon State Is the Birthplace of Nike

If you’re a fan of Nike shoes, you might be interested to know that the company was founded in Oregon State. Phil Knight, a graduate of the University of Oregon, started the company with his coach, Bill Bowerman, in 1964. Today, Nike is one of the most recognizable brands in the world, with headquarters located in Beaverton, Oregon.

Oregon State Is a Leader in Sustainability

Oregon State has long been a leader in sustainability, with a focus on protecting the environment and promoting renewable energy. The state has set ambitious goals for reducing carbon emissions and has implemented a number of programs and initiatives to promote sustainable practices. Oregon is also home to the first marine reserve in the United States, which was established in 2012 to protect marine life and ecosystems along the Oregon coast.


Oregon’s size and geography make it a fascinating and unique part of the Pacific Northwest. From its rugged coastline to its dense forests and high desert regions, this state has something for everyone. Whether you’re a lover of craft beer, wine, or outdoor recreation, Oregon is sure to capture your heart and leave you with unforgettable memories.

Frequently Asked Questions

How big is Oregon compared to other US states?

Oregon is the ninth largest state in the United States, covering an area of 98,381 square miles (255,026 square kilometers). It is about the same size as the United Kingdom or the Philippines.

What is the population of Oregon?

As of 2022, the estimated population of Oregon is around 4.24 million people.

What is the highest point in Oregon?

The highest point in Oregon is Mount Hood, which stands at 11,249 feet (3,429 meters) above sea level.

What is the climate like in Oregon?

Oregon’s climate varies depending on the region. The western part of the state has a mild, oceanic climate with cool temperatures and abundant rainfall. The eastern part of the state has a more arid, continental climate with hot summers and cold winters.

What are some popular tourist attractions in Oregon?

Some of the most popular tourist attractions in Oregon include Crater Lake National Park, the Columbia River Gorge, the Oregon Coast, Mount Hood, and the Painted Hills.

Nick Spieth